CIFRE support (2011-2014): Electrodes for Multiscale Electrophysological Recordings in Human


We propose in this thesis to design new types of electrodes, which will meet the challenges posed by simultaneous recordings at multiple scales in humans.

In a first project, we will adapt dry electrodes small, already used for multisite recordings on the auditory cortex in animals (Takahashi 2003), single site on the cochlear nerve during surgery of the skull base (Schmerber 2004) and polysomnographic recordings (SENSATION project). The dry electrodes can indeed good quality recordings for a very long time. A fixation system should be flexible mesh developed for the rapid installation of a large number of electrodes (64) during the operation. The appearance of more flexible will avoid asking too near places electrodes as the electrodes of SEEG. Tests will be performed in healthy subjects, on conventional EEG recordings (evoked potentials) and in patients during implantation.

We also study the electrodes based on conductive polymers. Besides the fact that these materials are compatible, naturally, with flexible substrates, they demonstrated an ability to decrease the impedance of the electrodes and improve the quality of recordings of neuronal activity (Abidian 2009). We will work on polythiophenes commercially available, deposited from solutions which patterns are formed either by photolithograpie either by inkjets. We will optimize the morphology of designs by varying the deposition conditions to minimize impedance and maximize the signal to noise ratio of our recordings.

In a second project, we will design a modified version of SEEG electrodes. These electrodes incorporate small contacts (

In parallel, mathematical analysis of multi-signals collected will be addressed in two forms. The first is the signal processing (locating sources and measures of partial correlation) to quantify the relationship between the signals and map depth (SEEG) regions visible on the surface (EEG, MEG). The second form, which is complementary, is computational modeling to understand the link between dynamic effects visible on Multiunit neuronal populations (Hervé 1990) or mean-field (Francis 2000) and of those induced to the signals above level.



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